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loose clothing, toggles, laces, etc. are appropriately tucked away.

Climber/abseiler pendulums or falls

Injuries caused by impact with rock, another object or another person during a swing or fall

Instructors must ensure that the abseiler/climber remains directly below their point of attachment as much as possible.

Instructors to maintain appropriately tight belays in a situation where a fall or swing would cause significant impact with another object, especially trees, rock ledges.

Instructor to ensure that climbers and abseilers do not move into a position from which a swing or fall will cause an impact with another person.

Instructors to ensure appropriate space for a fall/swing where unavoidable, and to ensure that other people do not occupy that space.

Abseiling rapidly

Injuries caused by losing control of the abseil rope

Injuries caused by impact with ground or other objects at speed

All abseilers, including instructors are to wear protective gloves when abseiling rapidly.

Instructors should consider using a personal safety device (e.g. shunt, Prussics) whilst abseiling without a belayed safety rope

Instructors must ensure that belayers tighten the safety rope so that the abseiler almost stops 2-3 metres from the ground, and is then gently approaches the ground.

Belayers are to be exceptionally vigilant at all times and to maintain close control of the abseilers speed by means of well-controlled safety rope (e.g. one with no significant slack).

Rugged or steep terrain leading to top or base of crag

Injuries caused by a fall on

Instructors are to identify

Key Learning and Leisure Ltdwww.key-learning-and-leisure.co.uk01539 730890

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