Stepanyan’s testimony differed from Rodriguez’s testimony in that he recalled Fuentes reached into the Honda and grabbed Rodriguez’s necklace before Rodriguez was pulled from the Honda.
Rodriguez’s roommate heard Rodriguez scream, looked outside and saw one male fighting with Rodriguez and another fighting with Stepanyan. City of Hawthorne police officers detained Hernandez and Fuentes, in separate incidents, shortly after the robbery. Hernandez ran from one second story roof to another and jumped to the ground to avoid one officer. Fuentes attempted to flee on a bicycle from another officer. After the officer forcibly removed Fuentes from the bicycle, Fuentes gave the officer a false name.
Rodriguez identified Fuentes and Hernandez in field show-ups on the evening of the robbery. Stepanyan identified Fuentes in a photographic lineup conducted a few days later. Each repeated their respective identifications at trial.
b. Gang evidence.
Hawthorne Police Detective Peter Goetz testified at trial as an expert with respect to the allegation the charged offenses had been committed for the benefit of a criminal street gang within the meaning of section 186.22, subdivision (b)(1). Goetz indicated Little Watts is the largest Hispanic gang in Hawthorne with approximately 275 members.
Geotz interviewed Fuentes on the street in 1997. Fuentes admitted membership in the 106 clique of the 18th Street gang and said his moniker was Looney. In 1997, Fuentes had no tattoos. However, Fuentes now has a tattoo of the number 18 that covers nearly his entire back and has West Side tattooed across his stomach. Eighteenth Street is the largest gang in California and it is “continually expanding throughout the United States.” The 106 clique of the gang is located just north of Doty Avenue. The 106 clique and Little Watts appear to have commenced an association in July or August of 2000.
Goetz explained that gang members reveal the name of their gang during the commission of crimes because they want the victims to know who committed the offense in order to gain respect for the gang, to instill fear in the community and to increase