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DAY 2: Oil spill response: operations management and reporting, techniques, tools for

On Scene Commanders


The behaviour and fate of spilled oil and the effective use of weathering model and trajectory model. An analysis of the ‘weathering’ process and the impact it has on strategy choice. A demonstration of software freely available to assist with the prediction of how oils may behave in a variety of marine environments, e.g. ADIOS 2 + Oil Spill Trajectory Model.

Dr. L. Page-Jones,


Overview of Oil Spill Response strategies. A discussion on the range of response techniques strategies available. The successes and limitations of each strategy will be examined as well as the considerations for strategy choice: Monitor and Evaluate, Dispersants, Mechanical Containment and Recovery, Protection of Sensitive Resources, Shoreline Clean-up, and Waste Management.

Dr. L. Page-Jones,


Monitor and evaluate: Aerial surveillance. Aerial surveillance is an essential tool for rapidly assessing an oil spill. Based on illustrations of past incidents, this session will outline the practical aspects of aerial surveillance (recognizing oil at sea, assessing type and volume of oil and the movements of oil slicks and using standardized reporting form and reference guide).

Maritime accident investigation: the importance of sampling (reference to IMO guidelines) for documenting and preparation of claims for compensation.

Dr. L. Page-Jones,


Coffee break (possible demonstration for Oil Map model of EMARSGA)


Shoreline survey. It is essential to carry out an assessment of an incident before any actions are carried out, the techniques will be discussed along with a presentation of shore survey report forms and demonstration of the tools required, e.g. use of GPS, Dig Cam to geo-reference photos, in Google Earth

Dr. L. Page-Jones,


Availability and Use of relevant technical documents and reference material:

- Available from international/ regional centres: PERSGA, ITOPF, NOAA, IPIECA, Cedre, REMPEC, etc.

- Specific national/ local documents to be developed in country. Presentation of examples of procedures)

Dr. L. Page-Jones,


The use of dispersants. A discussion on the principles and the effects of the use of chemicals to disperse oil into the water column. The various application methods will also be described, with examples of calculation sheet for the application of dispersant (flow rate and dilution).

Case studies and discussion on National policy for the use of dispersant in the RSGA region (reference to national policy for the use of dispersant in place, e.g. Egypt and the items to take into account)

Dr. L. Page-Jones,


Lunch break


The deployment of containment, recovery and protection systems. An explanation of the various techniques for the containment of marine oil spills, the systems used and the importance of selecting the most appropriate equipment for offshore, port and shore operations.

Dr. L. Page-Jones,


Protection of sensitive coastal sites. Presentation on the practical use of sensitivity maps to identify the most sensitive sites of the shore, and prepare protection operations using adequate equipment.

Case studies and discussion (Loire atlas and Donges pollution, North Africa, protection device, etc.)

Sensitivity mapping workshop (23-25 May 2009, EMARSGA). Presentation of outcomes of workshop

Dr. L. Page-Jones,


Coffee break


Shoreline clean-up techniques and management of operations and Logistical issues. Examination of the main steps in the management of clean-up operations focussing on the need for coordination from initial assessment to termination, and possible techniques per type of shore.

Open discussion: cleanup techniques (e.g. flushing in Fujairah, Egypt, Lebanon cleanup operations) & practical considerations for cleanup operations in PERSGA

Dr. L. Page-Jones, & Capt. M. Ismail


End of day

Salem H. Ghandourah

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