HOME VEGETABLE GARDEN
VARIETY RECOMMENDATIONS FOR UTAH
Dan Drost, Vegetable Extension Specialist
T here are so many vegetable varieties available, how do you select good ones for the home garden? Which ones are adapted and grow well in my area? This bulletin gives you some answers to these questions. It lists some of the better vegetable varieties for Utah. Since varieties vary in disease resistance and maturity characteristics, it is important to select ones that are adapted to our area. Should I grow a hybrid? Does it have disease resistance? When will it mature. What things should I think about before planting the garden?
OPEN-POLLINATED VS . HYBRID VARIETIES
Most vegetables grown were produced from open-pollinated varieties. Recently, hybrid seeds have been marketed for use in the home garden. Hybrid varieties tend to be more vigorous, grow uniformly, have better disease resistance and greater productivity than open-pollinated varieties. Therefore, it is wise to compare varieties to determine which performs best in your area.
Most hybrids and many open-pollinated varieties have resistance to some vegetable diseases. Selecting varieties with disease resistance can reduce crop loss in the home garden. Try to use varieties with multiple disease resistance. Seed catalogs and seed packets list the disease to which a variety is resistant.
The number of days to mature a vegetable varies. Early vegetables should mature in all areas of Utah. Crops with longer maturity periods and those that require warm temperatures may not mature in areas of the state where early frosts occur. Consult your local county extension office for information on the frost free period and planting dates for your area.
Before planting the garden, it is best to do some planning. Is the location acceptable? Is the soil fertile? Is there water near by? Does the site receive enough light? Is it close to home or large enough for your families needs?