conditions of movement for men and women, living and working conditions in host countries, legal and policy environments, existing resources, etc. and
identify gaps in knowledge and possible areas for action.
The goals of the project were to:
improve understanding of the relationship between HIV/AIDS and migration in the region;
analyse vulnerability factors related to migration and HIV, including the role of policy environments in this context;
provide practical information on existing services and resources in the region;
select countries that will assist service providers in designing and implementing responses;
develop recommendations for policy makers and public health practitioners;
identify gaps in knowledge and suggest future steps.
The project was undertaken by a team of in-country researchers (including Zheng and Ko), under the auspices of the Asia Pacific Migration Research Network (APMRN) — a network of migration-related researchers in 16 countries in the Asia Pacific region. The project was coordinated by Robyn Iredale.
There is limited research and activity in the regions but what does exist formed the basis of this report. Material from elsewhere was also useful. Where secondary data were lacking, domestic and international researchers, international agency workers, health officials and workers, and other relevant key informants were interviewed. Nevertheless, material on trafficking, commercial sex workers and irregular workers is notoriously poor or absent. HIV infection rates amongst certain mobile groups are not available but some data on the incidence of infection and patterns of living and working were used to hypothesise about vulnerability to HIV/AIDS. Existing legal provisions, strategies and policies pertaining to HIV, migration and anti-trafficking were investigated to provide background information for understanding the political, social and economic frameworks for responding to issues. Current national responses and resources pertaining to migration, labour rights, trafficking and HIV were also reviewed in order to frame appropriate responses.
Summary of the Major Findings
China was not aware of the threat of HIV infection until recent years. The reported number of cases has increased each year, and there is a possibility that the epidemic