Figure 1: The location and neighboring countries of Northeast China
Vulnerability to HIV/AIDS
According to a recent report on the HIV/AIDS epidemic in China, more than 80% of people living with HIV/AIDS were found between ages of 20-39. Internal migrants make up the largest group of vulnerable migrants in China. Rural to urban migrants remain marginalized even if they remain in cities for years. The lack of information, knowledge and supportive policies makes them vulnerable sub-populations to HIV/AIDS infection.
Up to now, projects or programs specifically targeting migrants are few. There has been hardly any satisfactory investigation done to understand the size, status and potential risk of HIV infection for migrants, especially those migrants who work in ‘illegal’ jobs. The needs and preferences of different sup-populations of migrants are not clear and the services that can meet their needs are not yet available.
(B) International migrants from China
Although most migration in China has been internal, there is an increasing trend in international migration, including labour contract migration. About 12 million Chinese mainland citizens went abroad in 2001. The destinations included (listed according to declining proportions): Hong Kong, Macao, Thailand, Japan, Russia, South Korea, America, Singapore, Viet Nam, North Korea and so on (Luo, 2003). There