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The Forest Map of Spain 1:200,000. Methodology and analysis of general results - page 1 / 16





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Invest Agrar: Sist Recur For (2006) Fuera de serie, 24-39

The Forest Map of Spain 1:200,000. Methodology and analysis of general results

J . R u i z d e l C a s t i l l o y N a v a s c u é s 1 , C . L ó p e z L e i v a 2 , J . I . G a r c í a V i ñ a s 2 * J. M. Villares Muyo2, P. Tostado Rivera2 and C. García Rodríguez , 3


3 1 Ferraz, 24, 4.º. 28008 Madrid. Spain EUIT Forestal. Universidad Politécnica de Madrid. Ciudad Universitaria, s/n. 28040 Madrid. Spain Dirección General para la Biodiversidad. Ministerio de Medio Ambiente. Gran Vía de San Francisco, 4. 28005 Madrid. Spain


First of all, the main descriptive elements of vegetation used in the Spanish Forest Map on scale 1:200,000 (MFE2C) are put forward. Secondly, this paper includes an explanation of how plant cover maps are a supplementary tool for fo- rest inventories in order to evaluate the actual state of vegetation. As an example, there is a description of characte- ristics of the current Spanish vegetation regarding the 4 descriptive elements of MFE2C: large climatic domains, struc- ture, evolution level and dominant plant communities.

Key words: vegetation, climate, structure, evolutionary level, dominant plant communities.

Resumen El Mapa Forestal de España escala 1:200.000. Metodología y análisis de resultados

En primer lugar se exponen los principales elementos descriptivos de la vegetación empleados en el Mapa Fores- tal de España a escala 1:200.000 (MFE2C). En segundo lugar se muestra cómo los mapas forestales son un instru- mento de los inventarios para evaluar el estado de la vegetación. Como ejemplo, se muestran las características de la vegetación actual de España en relación a los 4 elementos descriptivos del Mapa Forestal de España 1:200.000: gran- des ámbitos climáticos, estructura, nivel evolutivo y agrupaciones vegetales dominantes.

Palabras clave: vegetación, clima, estructura, nivel evolutivo, comunidades vegetales dominantes.


The Forest Map of Spain on scale 1:200,000 (MF2C) typifies the plant cover of the entire continental and insular Spanish lands in an homogeneous way. A map on scale 1:1,000,000 has also been published as a syn- thesis of MF2C.

The project carried on an existent mapping tradition which began at the end of the 19th century. The National Forest Map Committee (Comisión Nacional del Mapa Forestal) was created in 1868 and dissolved 19 years later, leaving unfinished several maps and drafts of the provinces of Spain on 1:200,000 (Casals, 1996). Using collected data, a Forest Map of peninsular Spain was made in 1888 representing 20 tree species distribution

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    Corresponding author: juanignacio.garcia@upm.es

Received: 11-10-06; Accepted: 03-11-06.

on a scale 1:500,000, but unfortunately such map was almost completely destroyed in a fire. Mapping didn’t continue until the early 20th century: in 1930, promoted by the Instituto Forestal de Investigaciones y Experien- cias, the Estudio sobre la egetación Forestal de la pro- vincia de Cádiz by Ceballos and and in 1933 the Estudio sobre la Vegetación y la Flora Forestal de la provincia de Málaga by Ceballos and Vicioso were carried out; those works continued in the provinces of Huelva, Ávila, and Soria, but they were not published. Some years later, La Vegetación y Flora Forestal de las Islas Canarias occidentales appeared (Ceballos y Ortuño, 1951) and afterwards the Mapa Forestal de la provincia de Lérida (Jordán de Urríes, 1954) was published. Those four projects included vegetation maps on a scale of 1:100,000, typifiying all forested patches by means of their main arboreous taxon; in the studies of Cádiz and Málaga most common tree mixtures were also repre-

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