X hits on this document

PDF document

The Noble Savage Was a Drag Queen: Hybridity and Transformation in Kent Monkman's Performance and ... - page 13 / 19

109 views

0 shares

6 downloads

0 comments

13 / 19

be driven out, denied, and reduced to silence. Not only did it not exist, it had no right to exist and would be made to disappear upon its least manifestation – whether in acts or in words. 22

The diverse sexual practices of Native people were quickly suppressed by Christian

European colonizers – with remaining repercussions. In Jacobs's research on modern

tribes, "eleven tribes denied any homosexuality to the anthropologists and other writers."

The denials came from tribes with the longest history of contact with white Christian

cultures that severely punished homosexuality.23

Foucault defines power as a relationship forged through a series of tactics, in

which

both

the

subject

and

object

are

complicit.24

At

a

time

when

the

Indigenous

populations of the Americas were being swiftly killed off, both through war and disease,

the denial of beliefs that made them further vulnerable to persecution was a tactic of

survival. Under the heavy influence and rhetoric of Christianity, many tribes had also

"become ashamed of the [Two-Spirit] custom because the white people thought it was

amusing or evil."25 As a result, many individual tribes suppressed their long-held beliefs

and denied the expression of sexual diversity, taking on the Christian worldview that held

any sexual practices other than heterosexuality as deviant. Just as shamanism became

taboo, so too did homosexuality. What was once deemed sacred and spiritual became

something to hide and be ashamed of. As a mode of self-protection and self-preservation,

a hegemonic power relationship was forged between the Native population and the white

rulers. Trinh T. Minh-ha writes that "[h]egemony is most difficult to deal with because it

does not really spare any of us. Hegemony is established to the extent that the worldview

22

Foucault, 1990.

23

Deschamps, 1998.

24

Foucault, 1990:95.

25

Williams 1986:187.

13

Document info
Document views109
Page views115
Page last viewedMon Dec 05 11:30:07 UTC 2016
Pages19
Paragraphs635
Words5914

Comments