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Woodland management for birds: Birds and woodlands in Wales

6 Managing woodland for birds

Promoting diversity

The aim of woodland management for birds is to promote the diversity that provides nesting and feeding resources required by the priority species identified in the Introduction, within the context of ensuring the woodland is sustained and other management objectives met. The woodland management planning process (see Chapter 4) will identify what is important within the woodland, and this guide provides guidance on what woodland components priority species require, and how to create and enhance them. The management techniques discussed below address the key issues affecting woodland birds in Wales, as identified in Chapter 3.

The management issues and techniques, and their benefits to priority woodland birds, are shown in Table 9, further details can be found in the relevant sections in this chapter and in the species accounts in Part 3.

Once objectives have been identified in the planning process, management can be identified to deliver the required structure. In many cases this can be delivered by the careful management of grazing and browsing, coppice management and management of rides, glades and open spaces, additionally some specific management may be required to deliver key species requirements, eg deadwood.

Table 9 Woodland management relevant to priority woodland birds.

Species Woodland structure

Canopy

Shrub

Field

Grazing and browsing management

Coppice management

Rides, glades and open spaces

Deadwood

Woodland edge

Secondary woodland

Wet woodland

Wet features

Nestboxes

Disturbance

Commercial conifer

Willow warbler

Wood warbler

Firecrest

Spotted flycatcher

Pied flycatcher

Lesser spotted woodpecker

Woodlark Tree pipit Garden warbler

Willow tit Marsh tit Lesser redpoll Bullfinch Hawfinch

Honey buzzard Black grouse Woodcock Turtle dove Nightjar

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