Long-distance migrant, wintering in sub-Saharan Africa
Principal Biodiversity Species in Wales
The Population Status of Birds in Wales:
Population trend and distribution
Another characteristic species of Welsh oak woods. The BBS shows a significant decline of 54% in the UK between 1994 and 2007. In Wales, the RWBS showed a decline of 16.4% (the RSPB), but a limited BBS sample and information from other surveyed sites indicates the decline over the past 25 years is now greater than 50%.
General: closed canopy upland oak woodland, with holes in deadwood, well- spaced trees and a sparse field layer providing good horizontal visibility.
Nesting: nests are located in tree holes, including old woodpecker holes. Nestboxes are readily used.
Feeding: bees, wasps, flies and beetles; caterpillars are important for nestlings, and fruit is taken in late summer. Foraging is typically in short flights from perches in the canopy, but also gleaned from foliage and the ground.
32 Preliminary assessment for 2008 revision of The Population Status of Birds in Wales: Red-listed.
J L Roberts/rspb-images.com
Figure 31 Breeding distribution of the pied flycatcher