Principal Biodiversity Species in Wales
The Population Status of Birds in Wales:
Population trend and distribution
A widespread species in Wales breeding in all counties (Lovegrove et al. 1996). In Wales, the RWBS showed a decline of 33.3% (the RSPB) whilst BTO trends were unavailable. Across the UK, the RWBS showed declines of 58.7% (the RSPB) and
% (BTO) since the 1980s (Amar et al.
, and the BBS a non-significant 12%
increase between 1994 and 2007.
General: pioneer woodland with a low canopy cover is important but well- developed and young conifer plantations are also used.
Nesting: nests are located in scrub or in trees, and only rarely on the ground.
A loss of their preferred habitat due to a reduction in the extent of early successional and pioneer woodland stages, eg through woodland maturation (Fuller 2005).
Feeding: Lesser redpolls feed on very small seeds, eg birch, alder, spruce and larch which they take from the trees in summer and autumn, but feed on fallen seeds in late autumn and winter. They also feed on invertebrates in the breeding season.
Create areas of open ground through felling to encourage the development of pioneer woodland. Grazing and browsing levels may need to be managed.
Encourage development of scrub, particularly birch, on the woodland edge by allowing woodland expansion into adjacent habitats, reducing grazing pressure, planting favoured shrubs and/ or protecting suppressed plants.
37.Preliminary assessment for 2008 revision of The Population Status of Birds in Wales. Amber-listed.
Figure 34 Breeding distribution of the lesser redpoll in Wales.