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guided step by step until they reached a one-year class which was taken in their Club by a university lecturer.

In the same persistent manner, working through shorter classes, a three- year Tutorial Class in Economics was successfully undertaken at the Brecon YMCA. The tutor was Professor Joseph Jones of Brecon Memorial College, and his students were young businessmen and bank clerks.

The statistics for 1925 reveal that educational facilities were arranged for 107 committees in to towns and villages all over Wales, as follows:

503 Popular or Miscellaneous Lectures. 21 Classes of various types and subjects including – Child Psychology, Religions of the World, Welsh History and Literature, Biography, European History and English Literature. 67 Lectures for boys and girls in Youth Clubs.

The above statistics are typical of the annual provision made by the Welsh YMCA Education Committee during the 1920s. The work and care involved in allocating lecturers in such number to every county in Wales can well be appreciated.

To minimise costs and to facilitate organisation as much as possible, lecturers' centres were grouped into circuits of five towns, all adjacent to one another. Where possible, lecturers were requested to take a week's booking of five nights from Monday to Friday. Each lecturer visited one centre a night in a given circuit. Occasionally, a lecturer, unable to give five nights in any one week, was fitted into a circuit with other lecturers. This arrangement not only lessened the work of organisation but also reduced travelling expenses, and by means of various duplicated and written instructions to lecturers and local Secretaries, it was error-proof in respect of date, time and travelling detail.

For years remuneration to lecturers did not vary from ten guineas a week of five lectures and travelling expenses. Local committees paid the Welsh Council three guineas per lecture and, where necessary provided hospitality overnight.

It must be borne in mind that this work was not grant-aided as far as popular lectures were concerned but in due course, in 1925, the Welsh

National Council was

recognised as

a Responsible Body,

under Adult

Education regulations by the Board of Education for making provision for grant-earning educational classes. The Workers Education Association and the YMCA being the two voluntary bodies recognised in Wales.

The recognition gave an added prestige and status to the Education Committee of the Welsh Council, but of equal importance was the fact that Board of Education Grant Aid regulations ensured an increase in all types of classes and brought them under the direct control of the YMCA Education Committee.

The depression period of 1928 onwards accounted for slight decline in the number of Miscellaneous Lecture Courses, but the demand for Lecture and Terminal classes remained constant.

The Carnegie United Kingdom Trust Fund made available a substantial grant of money in 1930 to enable the Responsible Bodies to extend their educational facilities in the mining districts of South Wales, by arranging free lectures and classes for unemployed workers for the ensuing three

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