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terms of inactivity, whilst good feeding remedied some of the malnutrition from which most suffered.

Little adaptation was required and the necessary equipment was soon installed. Under a sympathetic and competent staff the boys were prepared and trained for careers in which they found interest. They worked in small workshops on light crafts and had daily classes for literacy. They engaged in YMCA activities which sought to fit them morally and spiritually for their future work. Out in the beautiful grounds of Llandough Castle they quietly acquired physical stamina.

Approximately four hundred boys passed through these courses at the Castle. The Training Centre had been in existence for three years when war broke out in 1939 and so another desirable service fell victim to it.

Manhood Campaigns.

In the latter part of the nineteenth century, the Conference method had a stimulating influence upon communities in furthering the cause of the YMCA. In the 1920s and 30s, the conference gave way to Manhood Campaigns. In the earlier days, the conference method was adopted to appeal for the formation of new associations, whereas in a Manhood Campaign, the individual member of the YMCA and the Churches was the target for an appeal to manifest the Christian character of the Association and for a call to greater dedication in community service.

In the larger Associations a campaign would extend into four or five days when a series of meetings would be held for the general public while other more personal efforts were confined to the Association members in Tea Table Conferences and the intimate, personal approach. On Sunday, the Campaign speaker conducted a service in the local church and whenever possible, experienced YMCA laymen would also occupy pulpits.

In the small Associations a public meeting was held in a church or hall and another meeting for YMCA members.

The Campaigns were generally conducted by experienced YMCA Secretaries. Speakers gave a block of from six to ten days for their Campaigns in the Welsh National Council area. E. L. Bennett, Divisional Secretary for Yorkshire, gave two blocks of ten days. J. J. Virgo, the Secretary of the London Central YMCA came for two Campaigns of ten days. Basil Hewer, Secretary of the Religious Work Department was a welcome visitor. T. R. Ponsford, Secretary for overseas work conducted a Campaign. A frequent visitor was the Indian YMCA Secretary, Shoran Singha, who loved the people of Wales. Shoran was a powerful Campaigner and divided his time between the Student Christian Movement and the YMCA. Professor Theodore Robinson, of University College, Cardiff, also shared in this work.

A memorable weekend Campaign, conducted by Peter Wright of Newport, will long be remembered by members of the Connagh's Quay public committee which arranged YMCA lectures.

The greater number of Campaigns were conducted in South Wales where most Associations participated in these efforts which were popular for several years, particularly in the late 1920s and early 1930s.

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