X hits on this document

Word document

University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill - page 2 / 22

68 views

0 shares

0 downloads

0 comments

2 / 22

Short decription (30 words)

The course examines the interrelations between changes in warfare, the military system, and the gender order in Europe from medieval to modern time, and its perception and reflection in international movies.

genereal education in the following fields of the 2006 Curriculum:

Approaches Courses:

Historical Analysis HS

Connections Courses:

North Atlantic World: NA

Aims of the Course

The course examines the interrelations between changes in warfare, the military system, and the gender order in Europe from medieval to modern time, and its perception and reflection in international movies.

The development from Medieval to Modern Warfare witnessed major changes not only in the military system and the conduct of warfare, but also in the ‘gender order’. The course will begin with the mercenary system of the Medieval and Early Modern armies, which were organized like ‘moving cities’ with ‘iron walls’, which included in the baggage a great number of women and children as ‘camp followers’. The everyday life reproduction in these armies was organized in the same way as in civil society The course will analyze the change of this military system before and during the Thirty Years War (1618-1648) and its consequences for civil society. It will also look at the standing army system of the eighteenth century and the way it conducted warfare and informed gender relations.  Soldiers and their families were now bound to one territorial state and settled down during periods of peace in garrison cities, where a billeting system became the norm and forced soldiers to live in the households of ordinary citizens.  An important example of the warfare of this period is the Seven Years Wars (1756-1763), which will be under particular consideration in the course.  

The course will furthermore investigate the major changes of military organization and warfare that took place all over Europe during the period of the Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars (1792-1815), the first period when wars were conducted in Europe as ‘national wars’ with mass armies based on different forms of conscription. These wars, which reached far beyond European shores and were linked to the continuing British-French conflicts for influence in the colonies, shaped European history in a more fundamental and lasting way than did any other armed conflict between the Thirty Years War and the First World War.  During this period, the civilian population had to contribute to financing of wars at a level that had never been seen before, and had to provide clothing, equipment, and food for the armies. These changes were only possible because of changes in the gender order, in particular in concepts of masculinity.  All men were now constructed as ‘protectors’ of home and country who had to take up arms when the fatherland was in danger.  

During the nineteenth century, more and more European countries followed the French and Prussian examples and introduced a system of general conscription in one form or the other.  The consequences for the gender system of military and war, but also civil society, were far reaching.  Army leaders successfully excluded women from the military in the period following

August 14, 2008

Document info
Document views68
Page views73
Page last viewedFri Dec 09 13:59:51 UTC 2016
Pages22
Paragraphs842
Words8845

Comments