THEME 6: Environment (Including Climate Change)
6.1. Climate Change, Pollution, and Risks
4. Prof. Fedor Lisetskii
Organization Name:Belgorod State University
Position in Organization:Director of Federal and Regional Center for Aerospace Monitoring of Natural Resources, Head of the Nature Use Department
Telephone:+7 – 4722 – 30-11-76
Address:Belgorod State University 85, Pobeda Str.,
308015, Belgorod, Russian Federation
Proposal/Expertise: Analysis of the influence of global climate changes on erosion and deflation in the agricultural areas of Europe and development of projects of soil fertility reproduction
Description of proposal or expertise:
Present change of climate in agricultural area of Europe is related to the change (increase or decline) of total amount of precipitations, their kind and season, and the increase of average annual temperature mostly during winter months.
This process consequently resulted in the increase of the proportion of rainfall erosion in the total erosive destruction of soils (especially on the territory of the Ukraine, Moldova and other countries), and nearly complete failure of erosion during melting of snow. The warming most obviously contributes to the extension of vegetation period of crops what leads to the change of their erosion resistance along with the increase of soil ministering.
A considerable weather change in winter period which goes along with shortening of freezing season and the increase of winter precipitations results in transformation of wind resistance of ecosystems that means that deflation resistance of soils changes in the most windy spring season.
The influence of climate change on the frequency and speed of winds causing deflation in South Europe is still not clear.
The climate change leads to the transformation in the process of already eroded (deflated) soil formation. The tempo and direction of soil formation changes under the direct influence of climate transformation and change of the role of vegetation in the soil formation process. Besides, it becomes evident that the climate directly influences this process through the increase of hydromorphism and heat provision of single territories.