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THEME 6: Environment (Including Climate Change)

6.3 Environmental Technologies

12. Dr. Emma Karaseva

Organization Name:Kuban State University

Position in Organization:professor of genetics, microbiology and biotechnology department

Head of the center «Biotechnology»

E-mail address:biotech@kubsu.ru;kemma@mail.ru

Telephone:+7 – 861 – 23-53-36

Address:149, Stavropolskaya street, 350040, Krasnodar, Russia

Proposal/Expertise: Optimization of technology of the petropolluted objects microbiological cleaning under conditions of the Black Sea coast

Description of proposal or expertise:

Abstract:

Black sea is the unique geographical object demanding steadfast attention of ecologists because of high ecological vulnerability. The big anthropogenous loading alongside with growing export of hydrocarbonic raw material, and also drill works on the Black Sea shelf makes dependent recreational function of the Black Sea coast from technologies of liquidation of pollution by mineral oil. Because of specificity of distribution of alive organisms in its water area, the significant role in preservation of a biodiversity belongs to coastal zones.

Technologies of biological clearing used in the Black Sea region from mineral oil have a number of advantages before physical and chemical approaches. However, modern methods do not take into account a number of conditions of the Black Sea region that affects efficiency of protection of an environment from hydrocarbons. Development of production schedules on clearing petropolluted sites in conditions of the Black Sea region is offered. The multilevel technology assumes various methods and the approaches designed for different degrees of oil pollution:

 Activation of natural oil-degrading bacteria by physical and chemical methods;

 Creation of favorable physical conditions in a zone of biocleaning using the natural sorbents received from local raw material;

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