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2008

Country

2009

2008

Code

Zombies

Hosts

Bots

Origin

1

United States

19%

23%

1

6

1

1

1

2

China

8%

9%

3

8

6

2

2

5

Brazil

6%

4%

5

1

12

3

6

3

Germany

5%

6%

21

7

2

5

3

11

India

4%

3%

2

3

21

20

18

4

United Kingdom

3%

5%

4

19

7

14

4

12

Russia

3%

2%

12

2

5

19

10

10

Poland

3%

3%

23

4

8

8

17

7

Italy

3%

3%

16

9

18

6

8

6

Spain

3%

4%

14

11

11

7

9

Symantec Global internet Security threat report

Executive Summary

this summary will discuss current trends, impending threats, and the continuing evolution of the internet threat landscape in 2009 based on data discussed within the Symantec Global Internet Security Threat Report. there are a number of recent and growing trends in the threat activity landscape that were observed by Symantec in 2009. these trends include that malicious activity continues to be pushed to emerging countries, targeted attacks on enterprises are increasing, with Web-based attacks continuing to be a favored attack vector, readily available malicious code kits are making it simple for neophyte attackers to mount attacks, and the online underground economy and malicious activity are benefiting from the downturn in the global economy.

Emerging countries

the previous edition of the Symantec Global Internet Security Threat Report noted a shift in malicious activity to emerging countries.1 in 2009, this trend became more pronounced. For example, for the first time since Symantec began examining malicious activity by country in 2006, a country other than the United States, China, or Germany has ranked in the top three, as Brazil ranked third in malicious activity in 2009, behind the United States and China, respectively (table 1).

Brazil became more prominent in all of the specific category measurements in 2009 except for spam zombies, where it was already the top-ranked country. Brazil’s significant increases across all categories are related to the growing internet infrastructure and broadband usage there. the growing level of malicious code activity affecting Brazil has also resulted in the proposal of a new cybercrime bill in the country.2 the initiative may also be a result of a number high-profile cyber attacks there in recent years.3 One of the attacks resulted in a massive power grid blackout, while another resulted in the exposure of valuable data and a $350,000 ransom request after a government website was compromised.4 the latter case resulted in over 3,000 employees being unable to access the site for 24 hours.

Table 1. Malicious activity by country Source: Symantec Corporation

Attack

Overall Rank

Percentage

200

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

9

Malicious

2009 Activity Rank

Spam

Phishing

1 2 3 4

h t t p : / / e v a l . s y m a n t e c . c o m / m k t g i n f o / e n t e r p r i s e / w h i t e _ p a p e r s / b - w h i t e p a p e r _ e x e c _ s u m m a r y _ i n t e r n e t _ s e c u r i t y _ t h r e a t _ r e p o r t _ x i v _ 0 4 - 2 0 0 9 . e n - u s . p d f : http://www.eff.org/deeplinks/2009/07/lula-and-cybercrime http://www.foreignpolicyjournal.com/2009/11/15/brazils-next-battlefield-cyberspace/ All currency in U.S. dollars. p . 4

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