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COURT OF APPEAL, FOURTH APPELLATE DISTRICT - page 16 / 29

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forth an express statement of intent as to two subdivisions of section 22658, necessarily indicated that it had no such intent as to the remaining subdivisions.  As we explain, we answer that question in the affirmative.

To ascertain legislative intent, we apply settled rules of statutory construction.  We begin with the words of the statute, since ordinarily they provide the most reliable indication of legislative intent.  (People v. Jefferson (1999) 21 Cal.4th 86, 94.)  "[I]f the statutory language permits more than one reasonable interpretation, courts may consider various extrinsic aids, including the purpose of the statute, the evils to be remedied, the legislative history, public policy, and the statutory scheme encompassing the statute.  [Citation.]  In the end, we ' "must select the construction that comports most closely with the apparent intent of the Legislature, with a view to promoting rather than defeating the general purpose of the statute, and avoid an interpretation that would lead to absurd consequences." ' "  (Torres v. Parkhouse Tire Service, Inc. (2001) 26 Cal.4th 995, 1003; see also Nolan v. City of Anaheim (2004) 33 Cal.4th 335, 340.)  

Here, the language of section 22658 is subject to the maxim expressio unius est exclusio alterius:  "The expression of some things in a statute necessarily means the exclusion of other things not expressed."  (Gikas v. Zolin (1993) 6 Cal.4th 841, 852.)  Stated another way, "[i]f a statute enumerates the persons or things to be affected by its provisions, there is an implied exclusion of others. . . .   It is an elementary rule of construction that the expression of one excludes the other.  And it is equally well settled that the court is without power to supply an omission."  (Estate of Pardue (1937) 22

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