X hits on this document

PDF document

In the case of the forms like, haraª»yam, ucc¹raª»yam, smara- - page 32 / 48

148 views

0 shares

0 downloads

0 comments

32 / 48

152

Master Sanskrit Easily

madhuram kØjana-sabda‚ karoti, na k¹kaå / K¹kas tu k¹¹-k¹¹ iti karka¶a‚ ravam eva karoti, na madhram / Eva‚ tayor bhedaå spa¬­o bhavati / Atra k¹ko durjanasya prat»kam nirdi¬­aå / Pika¶ tu sajjana- pratinidhi-rØpeªa nirdi¬­aå / Asya ¶lokasy¹ya‚ bh¹v¹rthaå / Sad- guª¹n¹‚ praka­ana‚ kartu‚ yad¹ pr¹pyate ‘vasaras tad¹, t¹dŶ¹n¹‚ guª¹‚ svasminn abh¹v¹d durjanasya guªa-h»natva‚, sadguª¹n¹m abhivyakty¹ ca sajjan¹n¹‚ s¹dhutva‚, sarvair jñ¹yate / Ayam artho ‘tra dhvani-rØpeªa abhivyajyate (= is revealed in the form of a sug- gested meaning)/

Eka-m¹tro bhaved dhrasvo dvi-m¹tro d»rgha ucyate / Tri-m¹tras tu pluto jñeyo vyañjana‚ c¹rdha-m¹trakam // Sandhi-dŬ­y¹ asmin ¶loke visargasya kvacid u-k¹r¹de¶o (as in m¹traå+bhavet, m¹traå+d»rghaå, plutaå+jñeyaå), kvacit tasya lopaå (as in dh»rghaå +ucyate), kvacic ca tasya sa-k¹r¹de¶aå (as in m¹traå+tu) sandhi-rØpeªa pariªataå (=transformed) dŶyate / Bhaved dhrasvaå = bhavet+hrasvaå (t+h=d+dha=ddha) / Atra ta-k¹rasya da-k¹r¹de¶aå, ha-k¹rasya ca dha-k¹r¹de¶aå /

Atha ¶lok¹rthaå / Hrasvaå svaraå eka-m¹trikaaå (=possessing the time unit of one mora in pronouncing) bhavati / Dvi-m¹trikaå =possessing the duration of two moras in pronouncing) svaraå d»rdgaå ucyate/ Tri-m¹trikaå (=possessing the duration of three moras in pronouncing) svaraå tu plutaå jñeyaå /Thus, the short vowel is called Hrasva, the long. i.e., the one with the duration double than the short one, is called D»rgha, and the one with the duration treble than the short one, is called Pluta.

In the following verse, the Sanskrit grammarians have sought to illustrate, by giving the examples of the chirping of three different birds, this fact of the time duration being taken in pronouncing a short,

long and too long Sanskrit vowels : C¹¬as tv ek¹‚ vaden m¹tr¹‚ dvi-m¹tra

‚ v¹yaso vadet /

Tri-m¹tra‚ tu ¶ikh» brØy¹n nakula¶ c¹rdha-m¹trakam // C¹¬a-pak¬iå (= the Indian roller bird or blue jay) ek¹-m¹trika‚ dhvani‚ karoti (= makes a sound of one mora), v¹yasa-pak¬iå (= the

Lesson

15

153

crow bird) dvi-m¹trika‚ dhvani‚ karoti (= makes a sound otwo moras), ¶ikh» = ¶ikh¹v¹n = mayØra-pak¬iå (=the peacock bird) tri- m¹trika‚ dhvani‚ karoti (= makes a sound of three moras) / Eva‚ tray¹ª¹‚ pak¬»ª¹m ud¹haranaiå hrasva-d»rgha-pluta-svar¹ª¹m vividha‚ m¹tra-pram¹ªam asmin ¶loke spa¬­a-r»ty¹ pradar¶itam / (

Document info
Document views148
Page views148
Page last viewedSun Dec 04 02:38:22 UTC 2016
Pages48
Paragraphs2022
Words29354

Comments