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In the case of the forms like, haraª»yam, ucc¹raª»yam, smara- - page 39 / 48

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Master Sanskrit Easily

Tamo dhun»te kurute prak¹¶a‚ ˜ama‚ vidhatte vinihanti kopam / Tanoti dharma‚ vidhunoti p¹pa‚ Jñ¹na‚ na ki‚ ki‚ kurute nar¹ª¹m // Jñ¹na‚ nar¹ª¹‚ manasi tamaå dhun»te (= shakes off) dØr»-karoti /

Jñ¹na‚ nar¹ª¹‚ buddhau prak¹¶a‚ kurute / Jñ¹na‚ hÅdaye ¶ama‚ vidhatte karoti / Jñ¹na‚ nar¹ª¹‚ kopa‚

nar¹- ª¹‚ vini- hanti

(= n¹¶ayati) / Jñ¹na‚ nar¹ª¹m ¹caraªe dharma‚ tanoti (=spreads) vist¹rayati / Jñ¹na‚ nar¹ª¹‚ manasi p¹pa‚ kartum icch¹‚ vidhunoti (=disperses) n¹¶ayati / Jñ¹na‚ nar¹ª¹‚ ki‚ ki‚ na kurute ? Sarvam eva kurute ity arthaå / Yat tv etan na kurute na taj jñ¹na‚, tattv ajñ¹nam eva, na tu tattv¹n¹‚ jñ¹na‚, vipar»ta‚ jñ¹na‚, na tu vijñ¹na‚, na tu vi¶i¬­a‚ jñ¹nam /

Coalescence: tamaå+ dhun»te / iti+arthaå /yat+tu / kartum +icch¹m / sarvam+eva /etat+na / tat+jñ¹nam / tat+tu+ ajñ¹nam+ eva/

Verbal roots: dhØ (9 U.) = to shake off; dhunoti – dhun»te / (9 U.)= to do; karoti – kurute / vi+dh¹ (3 U.)= to bear, to do; vidadh¹ti – vidhatte / vi+ni+han (2 P.)= to destroy, annihilate; vini- hanti / tan (8 U.)= to spread, stretch; tanoti – tanute /

P¹p¹n niv¹rayati yojayate hit¹ya Guhy¹ni gØhati guª¹n praka­»karoti / ¸pad-gata‚ ca na jah¹ti dad¹ti k¹le San-mitra-lak¬aªam ida‚ pravadanti santaå // San-mitra =sobhanaå suhÅd= su-suhÅd (= a good friend), svasya mitram p¹p¹t (=p¹pa-karm¹t = du¬­ad ¹caraª¹t), niv¹rayati =apa-gamayati= dØr»- karoti /Sanmitra‚ sva-mitra‚, hit¹ya =tasya hita‚ kartu‚, yojayati /Su-suhÅd nija-mitrasya, guhy¹ni = gupt¹ni =rahasy¹ni (=secrets) rak¬ati = gopayati (=hides, conceals) / Su- mitram nija-suhÅdaå, guª¹n sad-guª¹n, praka­»karoti= praka­¹n karoti (=reveals, makes visible) / Sat-suhÅd ¹pad-gata‚ = vipattau patita‚, sva-suhÅda‚ na jah¹ti = na tyajati (=does not desert) / Api ca san- mitra‚ svasya mitra‚, k¹le = yad¹ ¹va¶yaka‚ bhavet tad¹, dhana‚

Lesson 17

167

jagdha / attum / jaghdhv¹ (prajaghdya) / atsyati / ¹tsy¹t /

Abhi+artha (10 ¸.) = ‘to praise, celebrate in song, to worship, reverence’ – abhyarthayate, abhyarthyate / abhyarthayata, abhyarthyata / abhyarthayata abhyarthayata abhyarthayata abhyarthayata / abhyartht¹m, abhyarthyat¹m / abhyarthayeata, abhyarthyeta / abhyartham¹na, abhyarthyam¹na / abhyarthitavya abhyarthan»ya, abhyarthya / abhyarthita / abhyarthayitum / abhyartha / abhyarthayi¬yate / abhy¹rthayi¬yata /

(6 P.) = ‘to desire, wish, long for, intend, endeavor to obtain, tendeavor to make favorable’ – icchati, »¬yate /aicchat, ai¬yata / icchatu, i¬yat¹m / icchet, i¬yeta / icchat, i¬yam¹ªa /e¬itavya, e¬­avya, e¬aª»ya, e¬ya / i¬­a /e¬itum, e¬­um / e¬­v¹, e¬itv¹ / e¬i¬yati / ai¬i¬yata /

Kath (10 U.) = ‘to tell, relate, narrate, report, inform, speak about, declare, explain, announce – kathayati - kathayate, kathyate / akathayat - akathayata, akathyayata, kathayatu – kathayat¹m, katyyat¹m / kathayet – kathayeta, kathyeta / kathayat – kathyam¹na, kathyam¹na / kathayitavya, kathan»ya, k¹thya / Kathita /kathayitum / kathayitv¹ / kathayi¬yati - kathayi¬yate / akathayi¬yat - akathayi- ¬yata /

Kup (4 P.) = ‘to be moved or excited or agitated, be angry with, swell, heave or boil with rage or emotion’ – kupyati, kupyate / akupyat, akupyata / kupyatu, kupyat¹m / kupyet, kupyata / kupyat, kupyam¹na, kopitavya, kopan»ya, kupya / kupita / kopitum / kupitv¹, kopitv¹ / kopyi¬yati / akopayi¬yat /

K¬al (10 U.) = ‘to wash, wash off, purify, cleanse, clean’ – k¬¹layati - k¬¹layate, k¬¹lyate / ak¬¹layat - ak¬¹layata, ak¬¹lyata / k¬¹layatu - k¬¹layat¹m, k¬¹ylyat¹m / k¬¹layet - k¬¹layeta, k¬¹lyeta / k¬¹layat - k¬¹layam¹na. k¬¹lyam¹na / k¬¹layitavya, k¬¹lan»ya, k¬¹yla

/ k¬¹lita / k¬¹layitum / k¬¹layitv¹ / k¬¹layi¬yati - ak¬¹layi¬yat - ak¬¹layi¬yata /

k¬¹layi¬yate /

K¬ip (6 U.) = ‘to throw,, cast, send, despatch, move hastily (arms or legs), throw a glance, strike or hit, put or place anything on or in’ – k¬ipati - k¬ipate, k¬ipyate / ak¬ipat - ak¬ipata, ak¬ipyata / k¬ipatu

  • -

    k¬ipat¹m, k¬ipyat¹m / k¬ipet - k¬ipeta, k¬ipyeta / k¬ipam¹ªa,

k¬ipyam¹ªa / k¬epatavya, k¬epaª»ya, k¬epya / k¬ipta / k¬eptum / k¬iptv¹ / k¬epsyati - k¬esypate / ak¬epsyat - ak¬psyata / Jan (4 ¸.) = ‘to be born or produced, come into existence,

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