Retention of Ringers
Recent Developments in Coaching Pip Penney October 9th 2008
Goal setting is a way to channel motivational energy effectively; it is a procedure which is “a highly consistent and robust performance enhancing strategy”.
The beneficial effects of goal setting on task performance are one of the most replicable findings in psychological literature. 90% of studies showed positive or partially positive effects.
Goals can be used not only to improve performance but to build self confidence and to maintain enthusiasm.
Why should goals enhance performance?
Focus attention towards relevant actions.
Help to foster perseverance.
Help to elicit effort and commitment.
May help to breakdown large problems into smaller components to
deal with sub-goals. 5. When achieved, goals boost self confidence. “That felt great!”
Factors that moderate the effectiveness of goal setting.
1. Goals will not improve performance in people already motivated to do their best. This is called “the ceiling effect”.
The quality of the teaching.
The extent to which the learner is committed to the goal.
The quality of feedback received from the tutor.
Practical considerations when setting goals
In ringing we already have an extremely good goal setting aid in the form of “The Sherbourne Teaching Aids Award Scheme” devised by Pam Copson. This takes a learner right from their first lesson through to Surprise Major. However, to make a scheme maximally effective, certain factors should be taken into account. Goal setting:-
Should be mutual between the tutor and the learner. If goals are imposed or established without significant input from the learner, they are unlikely to be effective.
Goals should be regarded as stepping stones to achievement.
Short term goals should be used to help maintain enthusiasm from week to week.
Long term goals should be used to combine the short term goals bringing them to fruition.
Goals need to vary in difficulty from easily attainable to challenging.
Goals should be challenging but never threatening.
Goals should be framed in a positive way. E.g. “I will try to do X”, rather than “I will try not to do Y.”.