Retention of Ringers
Recent Developments in Coaching Pip Penney October 9th 2008
Simply, coaching is helping a learner to prepare, develop and improve
The teacher must be many things to many people. He must be prepared to act as coach, guide, advisor, mentor and lecturer. He needs to be something of a politician and psychologist. He may also find himself as a trusted confidant and friend.
The coach’s most difficult task is not so much in teaching the learner how to use his hands, arms, and body correctly, but in teaching him to think for himself and apply correctly what he has been taught.
Coaches set in place the environment in which learning takes place. The teaching should be programmed to develop competence and confidence. This is known as “setting the motivational climate”, and is “the perceived structure of the achievement environment as moderated by the coach’s’ attitude and behaviour”. That is to say by adopting certain attitudes and by putting into place certain behaviours; a coach can alter the atmosphere within the tower to encourage a desire for achievement and to establish a higher level of commitment from individual learners. With no understanding of how to establish the right atmosphere a ringing teacher may, without realizing it, create a learning environment which will lead to stagnation of ambition, boredom and infrequent attendance.
A task orientated climate focuses on technical development. This is known as a Mastery Climate. 14 studies have shown that this “Mastery Climate” is correlated to learner satisfaction and intrinsic motivation. With this approach the coach places importance on personal effort and skill development. The emphasis during teaching is placed on striving to succeed. In this environment mistakes are not regarded as failures. They provide the opportunity for feedback and are essential to the learning process. By creating a good “Motivational Climate” a coach can enable a learner to become more optimistic and more confident. By placing learner development first in this manner it has been shown that better performance with greater consistency is likely to be achieved.
Learner centred or a co-operative teaching style has been shown to improve motivation in learners. It is interactive and flexible. Good communications are developed. Decisions are not all made by the tutor. The tutor guides but also shares the decision making with the learner. In this way, learners become more involved with their learning program. However, a learner cannot have a vote in every decision that is made. The coach provides the overall direction