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JAWAHARLAL NEHRU TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY

HYDERABAD

II Year B.Tech. IT II-SemT P C

4+1*04

COMPUTER ORGANIZATION

UNIT I :

BASIC STRUCTURE OF COMPUTERS : Computer Types, Functional unit, Basic OPERATIONAL concepts, Bus structures, Software, Performance, multiprocessors and multi computers. Data Representation. Fixed Point Representation. Floating – Point Representation. Error Detection codes.

UNIT II :

REGISTER TRANSFER LANGUAGE AND MICROOPERATIONS : Register Transfer language.Register Transfer Bus and memory transfers, Arithmetic Mircrooperatiaons, logic micro operations, shift micro operations, Arithmetic logic shift unit. Instruction codes. Computer Registers Computer instructions

– Instruction cycle.

Memory – Reference Instructions. Input – Output and Interrupt. STACK organization. Instruction formats. Addressing modes. DATA Transfer and manipulation. Program control. Reduced Instruction set computer.

UNIT III :

MICRO PROGRAMMED CONTROL : Control memory, Address sequencing, microprogram example, design of control unit Hard wired control. Microprogrammed control

UNIT IV :

COMPUTER ARITHMETIC : Addition and subtraction, multiplication Algorithms, Division Algorithms, Floating – point Arithmetic operations. Decimal Arithmetic unit Decimal Arithmetic operations.

UNIT V :

THE MEMORY SYSTEM : Basic concepts semiconductor RAM memories. Read-only memories Cache memories performance considerations, Virtual memories secondary storage. Introduction to RAID.

UNIT-VI

INPUT-OUTPUT ORGANIZATION : Peripheral Devices, Input-Output Interface, Asynchronous data transfer Modes of Transfer, Priority Interrupt Direct memory Access, Input –Output Processor (IOP) Serial communication; Introduction to peripheral component, Interconnect (PCI) bus. Introduction to

standard serial communication protocols like RS232, USB, IEEE1394.

UNIT VII :

PIPELINE AND VECTOR PROCESSING : Parallel Processing, Pipelining, Arithmetic Pipeline, Instruction Pipeline, RISC Pipeline Vector Processing, Array Processors.

UNIT VIII :

MULTI PROCESSORS : Characteristics or Multiprocessors, Interconnection Structures, Interprocessor Arbitration. InterProcessor Communication and Synchronization Cache Coherance. Shared Memory Multiprocessors.

TEXT BOOKS :

1. Computer Organization – Carl Hamacher, Zvonks Vranesic, SafeaZaky, Vth Edition, McGraw Hill.

2. Computer Systems Architecture – M.Moris Mano, IIIrd Edition, Pearson/PHI

REFERENCES :

1. Computer Organization and Architecture – William Stallings Sixth Edition, Pearson/PHI

2. Structured Computer Organization – Andrew S. Tanenbaum, 4th Edition PHI/Pearson

3. Fundamentals or Computer Organization and Design, - Sivaraama Dandamudi Springer Int. Edition.

4. Computer Architecture a quantitative approach, John L. Hennessy and David A. Patterson, Fourth Edition Elsevier

5.Computer Architecture: Fundamentals and principles of Computer Design, Joseph D. Dumas II, BS Publication.

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