X hits on this document

PDF document

THE UNIVERSITY OF SOUTH ALABAMA COLLEGE OF ARTS AND SCIENCES - page 2 / 17

37 views

0 shares

0 downloads

0 comments

2 / 17

I. Statement of the Problem

During the American Civil War there were 244 Military Masonic Lodges created to

meet the social and fraternal needs of the soldiers of the North and South. Allen Roberts,

the charter Master of the Civil War Lodge of Research, states that ninety-four of these

Lodges were associated with Federal forces and that 150 were formed within the

Confederacy.1 Nineteen Army Lodges were established by the Grand Lodge of Alabama.

The first, Confederate No. 292, at Ft. Morgan, Alabama, began operation on October 7,

1861. The following week Alabama Volunteers No. 293 was granted permission to

operate and served the Masonic needs of the 9th Alabama Volunteers, then camped at

Manassas, Virginia. Two more Lodges were formed in 1862; eight in 1863; and seven in

1864.2

During the American Civil War, approximately 500,000 men were members of the

Masonic fraternity. This represents eleven percent of the adult male population and it is

probable that a similar fraction of soldiers on both sides were Freemasons.3

There have been few studies of these organizations, which were an important part

of the fabric of many of the regiments fielded during the war. The traditional focus of

historians has been on the movements of armies, their battles and other actions directly

involved in the clash of arms. A more recent style of historical research has utilized the

artifacts of the individual soldiers. These range from the simple collection of memoirs to

1 Allen E. Roberts, House Undivided: The Story of Freemasonry and the Civil War, (Richmond VA: Macoy Publishing, 1961), 106.

2 Joseph Abram Jackson, Masonry in Alabama: A Sesquicentennial History 1821-1971, (Montgomery AL: Brown Printing, 1970), 177.

3

Sheldon A. Munn, Freemasons at Gettysburg, (Gettysburg, PA: Thomas Publications, 1993), 20.

1

Document info
Document views37
Page views37
Page last viewedWed Dec 07 10:40:43 UTC 2016
Pages17
Paragraphs289
Words3585

Comments