III. ARTICLE 18 OF THE VIENNA CONVENTION ON THE LAW OF TREATIES, 1969: A QUESTION OF A CONTRACTUAL OR OF A MULTILATERAL GOVERNANCE APPROACH?
To a limited extent Article 18 of the Vienna Convention has the effect that the signatories to the third category of instruments are bound programmatically, by the object and purpose pending ratification.
The Case Concerning Maritime Delimitation and Territorial Questions between Qatar and Bahrain, 2001, where the Court pronounced that “signed but unratified treaties may constitute an accurate expression of the understanding of the parties at the time of signature.”
In the case of the amended but not yet in force instruments, is substantiated positively in the process of (decisions/recommendations/action plans)specifying their implementation, and with it, the continuously evolving character of the Barcelona Convention regime, irrespective of legal problems.