IV. THE PROBLEM OF REFERENTIAL LINKAGES
Protocols in force make explicit reference to signed but unratified Protocols for the effectiveness and efficiency of their implementation and of the conventional regime as a whole a certain crippling effect on the operation
V. THE PROBLEM OF RELATIONAL LINKAGE
The relationship between the Barcelona Convention and its Protocols, as a relationship between a framework or umbrella convention and its performative-specyfying protocols, should be carefully approached
It marks the transition from the old to the new conventional regime effected by the revision process.
Article 29 of the amended Barcelona Convention (old Article 23)
No one may become a Contracting Party to this Convention unless it becomes at the same time a Contracting Party to at least one of the protocols and vice-versa.
Each protocol to the Convention is binding only on the CPs to the protocol in question and decisions concerning the institutional mechanism and the revision of any protocol are taken only by the Parties to the protocol concerned.