Fayol’s Universal Process
Administration Industrielle et Générale 1916 (Translated 1949).
Coordination (and Specialization)
Planning, organizing, command, coordination, and control - but as an integrated whole (military metaphor)
Fayol on Taylor "So deep-rooted, however, is the conviction that the very foundation of management rests in the military type as represented by the principle that no workman can work under two bosses at the same time that … For myself I do not think that a shop can be well run in flagrant violation of this" (p. 69).