Although in agriculture sector organic production has long been established as a successful mode of production in aquaculture organic production is at its initial stages. Certified organic aquaculture production is still extremely low in quantity and variety compared to organic agriculture products. The development of organic aquaculture could play a significant role towards sustainability, animal welfare, and production of high quality products for human consumption.
Molecular marine biology in the post-genomics era.
Institute of Biological and Environmental Sciences (IBES), University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, AB24 2TZ, UK.
Over the past two decades the fields of molecular ecology and population genetics have been dominated by the use of neutral DNA markers, primarily to resolve spatio-temporal patterns of genetic variation to inform our understanding of phylogeographic and population structure, gene flow and pedigree.
Recent emphasis on large scale genome sequencing and comparative functional genomics has caused a resurgence of interest in characterising functionally important genetic variation that underpins phenotypic traits of adaptive or ecological significance.
Here I will illustrate how post-genomic approaches can be used in non-model marine systems to 1) elucidate the genetic basis of adaptation and individual fitness; 2) inform strategy for the effective management of species or populations of conservation concern; 3) understand large-scale evolutionary processes both within and among taxa.