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management will result in a reduction of traffic on the South Rim of between 15% and 25% during peak visitation periods. This option allows the park to practice an adaptive

management approach to its transit needs, adjusting the system over time as necessary to respond to park and visitor needs.

Option

Transit Route

Traffic Management

Vehicle Type

Energy Source

Capital Cost

(millions)

Annual Operating Cost

(millions)

1

Uses existing roads

Commercial tour buses and shuttle buses from Tusayan drive into park

Articulated transit buses

Compressed natural gas, diesel, or diesel/CNG electric hybrid

$116

$15

2

Uses new route parallel to AZ 64, existing roads from CVIP to Village, and a new road from Maswik to Market Plaza

Commercial tour buses and shuttle buses from Tusayan drive into park

Advanced design buses

Compressed natural gas, diesel, or diesel/CNG electric hybrid

$156

$16

3

Uses new route following proposed rail transit line

All day visitors board transit line at Grand Canyon Transit Center

Advanced design buses

Overhead electric lines

$224

$18

4

Phase 1 same as Option 1, except uses new road from Maswik to Market Plaza Drive; Phase 2 route along proposed rail transit line

Phase 1: Commercial tour buses and private vehicles enter park up to capacity of defined parking areas; Phase 2: Same as Option 5

Phase 1: articulated transit buses; Phase 2: rail transit

Compressed natural gas (if available), diesel, or diesel/CNG electric hybrid (both buses and rail vehicles)

$252

$16

5A

Uses proposed rail transit route

All day visitors board transit line at Grand Canyon Transit Center

Internal combustion or hybrid electric

Diesel (or alternative)

$213

$17

5B

Uses proposed rail transit route

All day visitors board transit line at Grand Canyon Transit Center

Electric light rail vehicles

Overhead electric lines

$251

$18

A

Uses new route parallel to AZ 64 from Long Jim Canyon to Yi mile north of the South Entrance Station; uses existing roads to CVIP and Grand Canyon Villaae

Commercial tour buses and shuttles from Tusayan drive into park; 15-25% of day visitors board at Long Jim Canyon and CVI P on voluntary svstem

Standard (40') and Articulated transit buses

Alternative fuels

$46

$2

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