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Guide for Park-and-Ride Facilities (American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials, 444 North Capitol Street, N.W., Suite 249 Washington, D.C. 20001; (202) 624-5800 www.transportation.org) (Nov 2004)


This report may assist the designers and planners when seeking to implement park-and-ride facilities in areas with little or no previous experience with the park-and-ride concept.

The park-and-ride facility should operate or function in a manner that promotes safety, mobility, and efficiency.

A synthesis of design concepts and elements is provided.

Defining the Park-and-Ride System

A park-and-ride nomenclature is developed to assist in the classification of facilities for planning purposes. Understanding the extended market of the park-and-ride (P&R) facility, as well as the type of lot to be developed, can greatly assist the planning agency in developing policies towards implementing a successful park-and-ride program.

Park-and-Ride Planning Process

A sound planning process is fundamental to the development of a successful park-and-ride program. A process for planning both a park-and-ride system as well as individual facility development is outlined. A robust public involvement process is a major feature of these planning approaches and is used to integrate the concerns and needs of the community with the planning and design of a successful program.

Selecting the right location for the park-and-ride facility is perhaps one of the most

important elements in assuring a successful lot. Based on industry experience, there are a number of rules of thumb, that can be employed in choosing candidate locations for in-depth analysis and preliminary design. Many agencies have developed their own anecdotal indicators for selecting successful park-and-ride locations.

Suburban park-and-ride lots represent one of the largest and most important types of park-and-ride facilities. They are of interest to transit planners because they can provide opportunities to aggregate transit demand and support high frequency transit services in suburban environments. Likewise, they are of interest to urban planners because they can provide a mechanism for enhancing a sense of identity within the suburban community and encourage transit-friendly developments in the surrounding properties. Fundamental to the development of successful suburban park-and-ride facilities is the need to estimate accurately and reliably future parking demand for the facility. In this chapter, several methods are explored for estimating suburban park-and-ride demand.

Operations and Maintenance of Park-and-Ride Facilities

The park-and-ride facility should operate or function in a manner that promotes safety, mobility, and efficiency. It should strive to operate in a manner that promotes fuel efficiency, reduces pollution, and improves "quality of life" issues of the community. These goals are not always

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