SAMCO Final Report 2006 F09 Report on Bridge Management
Fig. 6. Total km road per citizen in the EU /EUROSTAT, 2001/.
As a conclusion of this brief excursus, it may be said that the problem of offering adequate levels of service to the users in terms of safety and mobility on a network which is on one hand ageing and reaching the expected end of service life, defined as the minimum acceptable level of performance, and on the other hand insufficient to meet the transport demand rapidly increasing in volume and weight is commonly shared among all the countries of the Union.
To keep up, larger interventions of maintenance, repair and upgrading will be neces- sary with, of course, a negative impact on the circulation and a larger demand of funding.
2.3 Resources spent on (or in) infrastructure
presents a number of relevant data. The data shows
that the transport sector employs a large number of personnel (1 million in rail trans- port and 2.6 million on road transport in the EU). The transport of goods and person- nel accounts for 32 % of the energy consumption in the EU.
The daily transport time has remained constant around 1 hour during the period from 1970 to 2001, during which the average transport distance has increased from 17 to 35 km.
The time wasted in traffic delays (congestion) amounts to 40 000 million EURO an- nually, corresponding to 0.5 % of the G.D.P., but is expected to be twice as high by 2010. The direct costs of road accidents amount to 45 000 million EURO annually and involves 40 000 persons killed annually.
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