SAMCO Final Report 2006 F09 Report on Bridge Management
2.2 Transport patterns
The distribution and development of passengers and goods among the different transport modes during the last 30 years can be found in the statistics prepared by the Eurostat /EUROSTAT, 2001/, just as some of the predictions for the future trans- port have been described in a “White paper” from the Commission /EU, 2001/. The distribution and growth shown on Figure 2 illustrates that by now, most of the trans- port is confided to the road system.
The transport on road dominates the person transport, where it accounts for 79% of the total person-km transport, while a 6% is by rail and 5% by air. Even the increas- ing share of the air transport have not been able to limit the growth of person- transport by road, since most of the growth in transport volume from 1970 to 1998, has been by road and have actually lead to app. 100 % growth of the road transport in this period.
It is still expected that road transport will continue to grow at a rate of 2-5 % each year, corresponding to a 100 % increase during the next 15-35 years.
As far as it concerns goods, the situation is a little different as only the 44 % of the whole market is allocated to roads and it is comparable only to the 41 % of short sea shipping, while only 8 % are allocated to the rail. In this case the most part of the transport growth of the last 30 years has been absorbed both by roads (expected 47 % by year 2010) and short sea shipping, while the rail share has dropped from the 21 % of 1970.
Cars Busses & Ciaches Tram & Metro Railway Air
Road Rail Inland waterways Pipelines Sea
Fig. 2. Transport of passengers (left, mio pkm) and goods (right, mio tkm) /EUROSTAT, 2001/.