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WORK PACKAGE 9: PRACTICAL BRIDGE MANAGEMENT - page 8 / 67

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SAMCO Final Report 2006 F09 Report on Bridge Management

As a consequence of this uneven distribution of traffic, the problem of congestions is expected to spread out on the major trunk roads and trans-European corridors, with a 10% of traffic jams, as well as in the industrial and urban areas where saturation may be forecast /EU, 2001/. To complicate this scenario, it must be said that the car fleet is expanding by 3 million vehicles each year in the Union.

Fig. 3. Traffic map with main roads and risks of queues (delays) marked with red (from http://www.passo.de/servlet/vinfo Friday 2 August at 16.00).

Chronic congestion is experienced also on the rail system as well, with a 20% of the network classed as bottlenecks.

Limited new constructions are planned, the most of it is currently taking place in the regions and countries furthest from the center, to help their economic development and favor the access to the central market. In particular in the cohesion regions (the new members states) the motorway density increased by 43% in the years from 1988 to 1998, even if it still remains below the Union average.

The situation of the road sector in the 15 Countries of the Union is well represented in following Figures 4 to 6. The situation varies among the different nations as evalu- ated/described by the indicators: motorization cars/citizen, km of road/citizen, vehi- cles/km.

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