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Where and How Do Swiss and Foreigners Live? Segregation in the Geneva and Zurich Housing Markets

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Geneva and Zurich the individuals with the highest probability to share the same district or hectare are those with a high education attainment level, in particular Swiss with high education. The two-groups index, equation (4), represents the probability that a randomly drawn member of social group x shares a sub-area with a member of the social group y. For instance, in Table 2, we see that in Geneva, the Swiss with a high education level have a probability of 41.59% of sharing the same district with Swiss individuals with low education level, of 41.45% with foreigners with high education level and of 40.01% with foreigners with low education level.

From Table 2, we can conclude that the values of the exposure index are again very similar in Geneva and Zurich. Additionally, we note that in both areas, individuals with high education levels are more concentrated. Combining the oc- cupational status with the foreigners’ nationality, Schuler and Huissoud (1999) also find a convergence between the localisation choices of the Swiss and foreigners with a high occupation level. This suggests that residential choice is driven more heavily by the occupational status than the origin. Concerning the two-group index, in both areas and at both levels, the values for the two-group index are all very close,

Figure 3

Two-group exposure index between individuals with high education and individuals with low education level by district and hectare for Geneva and Zurich

Data sources: Swiss Population Census 2000, SITG, and GIS-centre of the ARV.

© Seismo Verlag Zürich

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