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Caroline Schaerer and Andrea Baranzini

Figure 1

Percentage of foreign population by district and hectare for Geneva and Zurich

Data sources: Calculated using the data from Swiss Population Census 2000 (Swiss Statistical Office), from the Information System of the Geneva Territory (SITG), and from the GIS-centre of the Zurich Office of land use regulation and measurement (ARV).

viduals with low education level is almost the same in the two areas, about 30 per cent of the working age population, of which about 17% of Swiss and about 13% of foreigners. The remaining 70% of the population who has a high education is composed by 57% of Swiss and 13% of foreigners. Relative to the Swiss (foreign) population only, the share of Swiss (foreigners) of working age with a low education is about 23% (46%) respectively. Note that we also considered using the degree of qualification required for the occupied job as a substitute for the income level as in Huissoud et al. (1999). However, we preferred the educational attainment since the job’s level of qualification is available only for the working population.

The Census allows us to calculate the population density and the socio- economic composition of the neighbourhood at two levels of aggregation: the hectare and the districts in which the building is located. In our sample, we have 48 districts and 7 322 hectares for Geneva and 12 districts and 4 345 hectares for Zurich2. In Geneva, the mean population by district is 7 348 inhabitants, with a


For Geneva, we refer to the 45 municipalities that compose the canton. In addition, we have accounted for a subdivision of the municipality of the city of Geneva that is often used by the Geneva Statistical Office. Therefore, we end up with 48 districts. For Zurich, we refer to the 12

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