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ABSTRACTS continued

J. F., Kritz-Silverstein, D., et al. (2008). New onset and persistent symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder self reported after deployment and combat exposures: Prospective population based US military cohort study. British Medical Journal, 336,

To describe new onset and persistence of self reported PTSD symptoms in a large population based military cohort [Millennium Cohort Study], many of whom were deployed in support

deployed between 2001 and 2006; between baseline and

PTSD per 1,000 person-years occurred in the millennium cohort. New onset self-reported PTSD symptoms or diagnosis were


symptoms of PTSD at baseline, deployment did not affect persistence


tics, these prospective data indicate a threefold increase in new onset self- reported PTSD symptoms or diagnosis among deployed military

the onset of symptoms of PTSD after deployment. [abstract adapted]

Smith, T. C., Wingard, D. L., Ryan, M. A. K., Kritz-Silverstein, D., Slymen, D. J., Sallis, J. F., et al. (2008). Prior assault and post- traumatic stress disorder after combat deployment. Epidemiology, 19, 505-512. examine the relation between prior assault and new-onset PTSD

and Afghanistan. Data on exposures and health outcomes were collected in the Millennium Cohort study at enrollment (July 2001 to June 2003) and follow-up (June 2004 to February 2006) from over

Afghanistan, reported combat exposures, and were free of PTSD at baseline (881 women and 4,443 men). New-onset PTSD symptoms or diagnosis among deployers reporting combat exposures occurred in

new-onset PTSD symptoms was more than 2-fold higher in both women and men who reported assault prior to deployment. [abstract adapted]

Vasterling, J. J., Proctor, S. P., Amoroso, P., Kane, R., Heeren, T., & White, R. F. (2006). Neuropsychological outcomes of Army personnel following deployment to the Iraq War. Journal of the American Medical Association, 296, 519-529. Neuropsychological

and are often associated with psychosocial and occupational


Deployment Health Study, a prospective, cohort-controlled study

conducted at military installations, was initiated. This report centers on 961 male and female active-duty Army soldiers drawn from the larger cohort. Deploying Army soldiers (n = 654) were examined

group of soldiers (n deploying overseas during the study was assessed in sessions timed to be as close as possible to the assessment of deployers.


was associated with neuropsychological compromise on tasks of

deployment was also associated with increased negative state affect

associated with improved simple reaction time. Deployment effects -


chological compromise. Findings point to the need to investigate further the impact of deployment on neural functioning. Public health implications include consideration of neuropsychological compromise in health prevention and postdeployment clinical and occupational management. [abstract adapted]


Bliese, P. D., Wright, K. M., Adler, A. B., Cabrera, O., Castro, C. A., & Hoge, C. W. (2008). Validating the Primary Care Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Screen and the Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Checklist with soldiers returning from combat. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 76, 532 service members, the Primary Care PTSD Screen and the

Deployment-related stress and trauma in Dutch soldiers returning from Iraq. British Journal of Psychiatry, 191, 140-145. Dutch infantry troops from three cohorts


about 5 months (n


after. There were no group changes for general distress. Rates of

overestimated rates of PTSD based on clinical interviews.

Post-traumatic stress disorder and service utilization in a sample of service members from Iraq and Afghanistan. Military Medicine, 172, 359-363. of life, and mental health service utilization were studied in 120

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