Grieger, T. A., Cozza, S. J., Ursano, R. J., Hoge, C., Martinez, P. E., Engel, C. C., et al. (2006). Posttraumatic stress disorder and depression in battle-injured soldiers. American Journal of
Rates, predictors, and course of
probable PTSD and depression were examined three times (1, 4,
of physical problems was strongly associated with later PTSD or
months did not meet criteria for either condition at 1 month.
Hoge, C. W., McGurk, D., Thomas, J. L., Cox, A. L., Engel, C. C., & Castro, C. A. (2008). Mild traumatic brain injury in U.S. soldiers returning from Iraq. New England Journal of Medicine, 358, 453-463. (i.e., concussion) was strongly associated with PTSD and physical health problems 3 to 4 months after the soldiers returned home. PTSD and depression were important mediators of the relationship
Post- traumatic stress and depression symptoms in soldiers returning from combat operations in Iraq and Afghanistan. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 20, 933-943. (nn
posttraumatic stress symptoms, or both. These results suggest a potentially high rate of mental health concerns in soldiers immedi- ately after returning from a combat zone.
Psychiatric diagnoses in historic and contemporary military cohorts: Combat deployment and the healthy warrior effect.
American Journal of Epidemiology, 167,
compared incidence of diagnosed mental disorders in a cohort of
historical and two contemporary military control groups. Psychiatric
personnel early in training creates a “healthy warrior effect,” because only those persons who have proven their resilience during training remain eligible for combat.
Tanielian, T., & Jaycox, L. H. (Eds.). (2008). Invisible wounds of war: Psychological and cognitive injuries, their consequences, and services to assist recovery. Santa Monica, CA: RAND Center for Military Health Policy Research.
veterans, several task forces, independent review groups, and a Presidential Commission have been convened to examine the care of the war wounded and make recommendations. Concerns have
incidence of suicide and suicide attempts among returning veterans, concern about depression is also on the rise. Wright, K. M., Bliese, P. D., Thomas, J. L., Adler, A. B., Eckford,
Contrasting approaches to psycho
logical screening with U.S. combat soldiers. Journal of Traumatic
Four different approaches to psychological
screening were evaluated against structured clinical interviews in studies with U.S. soldiers preparing to deploy and returning from
posttraumatic stress, depression, and alcohol problems, along with a single self-referral item, performed most effectively.
New OeF/OIF puBlICATIONS From The National Center for pTSD
The National Center for PTSD has several new publications
and clinicians who work with them:
Returning from the War Zone: A Guide for Military Personnel contains information to help military personnel understand what to expect when returning from a war zone, and to help them adapt to home life.
Returning from the War Zone: A Guide for Families of Military Members helps military family members understand what to expect during the reintegration period following their loved one’s time in a war zone, and helps them adapt to home life together.
These new guides now include full color photos, narratives and live links. They have also been formatted for easy printing to use as handouts. An interactive version of Returning from the War Zone: A Guide for Families of Military Members with video clips is also now available. http://dev.mindandmedia.com/va/narration4/player.html
Resources pages, providing a wealth of information about VA mental health services as well as other links that should be