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unliquidated, fixed, contingent, matured, unmatured, disputed, undisputed, legal, equitable, secured

or unsecured.” 11 U.S.C. §101(5)(West 2006). Section 101(10) defines a creditor as “an entity that

has a claim [or community claim] against the debtor that arose at the time of or before the order for

relief concerning the debtor.” 11 U.S.C. §101(10)(West 2006). Lastly, the term “community claim’

is defined as a “claim that arose before the commencement of the case concerning the debtor for

which property of the kind specified in §541(a)(2) of this title is liable whether or not there is any

such property at the time of the commencement of the case.” 11 U.S.C. §101(7)(West 2006). The

official comments to Section 101 of the Bankruptcy Code indicate that Congress intended the

concept of a claim to be given “the broadest possible definition. . . that all legal obligations of the

debt, no matter how remote or contingent, will be able to be dealt with in the bankruptcy case.”

There are at least two circumstances under which unsecured creditors are found to lack

standing under section 727(c). Some courts have denied a creditor standing when the automatic stay

had been modified to permit the creditor to pursue his claim in another court, and the creditor did

so and lost. See e.g. Stanley v. Valshing (In re Valshing), 829 F.2d 565 (5th Cir. 1987); Geisler v.

Pansegrau (In re Pansegrau), 180 B.R. 468, 476 (Bankr. N.D. Tex. 1995). At least one court has

deemed a creditor to lack standing when the creditor purchased claims against the debtor and then

objected to discharge purely as harassment. See, e.g. Young v. Beugen (In re Beugen), 99 B.R. 961,

965 (9th Cir. BAP 1989), aff’d without op., 930 F.2d. 26 (9th Cir 1991). These circumstances appear

to be present here and will be discussed below.

Kentor also asserts that the fact that Dr. Thompson scheduled a claim attributable to him

constitutes an admission that he has a contingent (albeit disputed) claim in some unliquidated

amount. Dr. Thompson did list Kentor as a creditor on her petition for a disputed amount of $1.00.

Listing a creditor in the schedules can constitute prima facie evidence of a party’s interest in the case,


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