PATRON: one who protects or gives financial support.
PATRONAGE: influential support such as position, finance and influence.
Composers nowadays rely upon payments from records, sheet music, film, radio and television companies for the bulk of their income. These payments are known as ROYALTIES. In Mozart’s day such payments were not possible since it is only recently that composers have been protected by COPYRIGHT and the recording and broadcasting industries have become important and influential in the music world.
European composers before the 18th Century were mainly employed by royal households, church authorities and local nobility. In Italy, Roman Catholic churches employed many composers such as Palestrina and Monteverdi. In England, composers such as William Byrd were employed by Elizabeth I to compose music for private parties and public ceremonies as well as for the personal enjoyment of the Queen, who was a keyboard player and a keen dancer. In France, Louis XIV, ‘The Sun King’, employed large numbers of musicians to compose and perform music-theatre spectaculars for his private theatre in the Palace of