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หลักสูตรประกาศนียบัตรบัณฑิตชั้นสูง สาขาวิชาวิทยาศาสตร์การแพทย์คลินิก - page 35 / 66

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35 / 66

Premedication

interaction with chronic drug therapy and anesthetic agents

adverse reactions, patient variability, side effects

specific problems in disease states: hyper and hypothyroid, chronic steroid ingestion, obesity, depression, COPD

pediatric and geriatric doses: routes of administration

role in patients with allergies

NPO Recommendations

7.5 Regional Anesthesia

7.5.1 General principle: Premedication, Patient Position, Equipment

7.5.2 Main Nerve Blocks: Brachial Plexus

7.5.3 Spinal, Epidural

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Indications, contraindications, techniques, complications, comparison of techniques

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Sites of actions

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Factors influencing onset, duration, and termination of action

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Systemic toxicity, test dose

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Complications : precipitating factors, prevention, therapy

7.6 Peripheral and Autonomic Nerve Block : indications, contraindications, techniques, clinical Assessment  Complications

7.7 General Anesthesia

7.7.1 Stages and Signs of Anesthesia ; Awareness Under Anesthesia

7.7.2 Airway Management: intubation, awake intubation, techniques for difficult intubation, laryngeal mask airway  

7.7.3 Complications of intubation

7.7.4 Systemic complication

7.8 Monitored-anesthesia care: conscious sedation, deep sedation

7.9 Intravenous Fluid Therapy during Anesthesia: Water, Electrolyte Glucose Requirements and Disposition

7.10 Complications (Etiology, Prevention, Treatment)

7.10.1 Trauma: upper airway, larynx and trachea, eyes

7.10.2 Hypocarbia, hypocarbia, hypoxemia

7.10.3 Stridor, laryngospasm

7.10.4 Thrombophlebitis

7.10.5 Pressure injuries of mask, tourniquet, body position, intraneural injections, retractors

7.10.6 Hypothermia : etiology, treatment, prognosis, shivering

7.10.7 Nausea and Vomiting

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Physiology ; etiology

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