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Language Arts Curriculum Guide - page 15 / 70

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CORE READING STRATEGIES GLOSSARY VOCABULARY, READING COMPREHENSION, AND LITERARY RESPONSE AND ANALYSIS *Strategies used in Second Grade

Anticipation Guide: A tool for accessing prior knowledge, regard new information, and find evidence to defend preconceived notions and opinions regarding a subject. Format:

    • Choose an important concept to be gained through reading

    • Create 4-6 statements (that can’t be easily answered) to support or challenge students’ beliefs regarding the concept chosen

    • Create a section for each question where the students’ answer (opinion) can be recorded (usually yes or no). Students share their answers and let both sides of the statement be thoroughly discussed. This is to inspire close reading and look for information to support their side when reading

    • After reading, students add the author’s ideas/answers

    • Finish with class discussion

  • *

    Book Talk: A discussion of a current book being read by the teacher or students. A focus is usually

established for the discussion. The purpose is to clarify meaning through discussion and to entice others to read the book.

  • *

    Cloze Activity: This term refers to a variety of sentence completion techniques in which words are

strategically left out of a text so that readers can supply the missing words using context only or, sometimes, limited graphophonic cues. Cloze tests can be designed to provide informal diagnostic information.

Concepts About Print: (Clay, 1979). These are concepts about the way print works. Some of the basic concepts about print include: directionality (that readers and writers move from left to right and top to bottom); spacing (used to separate words); recognition of words and letters; sequencing and locating skills; searching for cues from different sources, checking own responses, and correcting errors.

  • *

    Connections: Using schema to make connections to what is read

    • Text-to-self: Relating text to own life

        • That reminds me of...

        • That made me think of the time...

        • I can relate...

    • Text-to-text: Relating the text to other texts by comparing characters, their personalities, and actions, and/or comparing story events, plots, lessons, themes, messages, or different versions of familiar stories. This also includes finding common themes, writing styles, or perspectives in the work of a single author, or comparing the elements between authors.

      • This part is just like...

      • That reminds me of...

      • I read another book where...

      • This is similar to...

Text-to-world: Relating a text to real world situations

  • That reminds me of...

  • This is like...

  • I know about this...but I didn’t know that.

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