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Language Arts Curriculum Guide - page 17 / 70





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    Literary Analysis: (Devices)

    • Author’s Message: The author’s intended message or lesson for the reader

    • Author’s Purpose: Authors write for four main purposes: to entertain, to inform, or express their opinions, and to persuade.

    • Characters: The characters are the people, animal, or things in the story. The main characters are the characters that the story is mostly focused on. Minor characters are the less important characters within the story.

    • Character Traits: Words that describe a character’s thoughts, feelings, actions, a distinguishing quality of a character

    • Inference: A guess or conclusions based on known facts and hints of evidence. Sometimes readers use prior knowledge to help make inferences.

    • Mood: Mood is the atmosphere that indicates in a text the prevailing feeling or frame of mind. For example, at the start of a text, mood is the creation of a sense of expectation (fictional, imaginary, fanciful, romantic, realistic, optimistic, pessimistic, and gloomy).

    • Point of view: Refers to how a story is narrated. If a story is narrated from the firs-person the narrator is a character in the story and used the first person pronouns I, me mine, we, and our. If the story is narrated from the third person, the narrator is not part of the story and uses the third-person pronouns he, him, she, her, and them.

    • Plot: The plot is the sequence of events that happen in the story. The characters in the story have a conflict (problem), and the conflict is explained by a series of events. The plot includes all of the events that take the characters through the conflict to the resolution. (Flow Map, Story Board, Story Map)

    • Prediction: The use of facts in a story or picture and any other information you know about the world to guess what will happen.

    • Setting: The setting is the story’s time and place. The time may be the past, present, or future. The setting may be real or imaginary. (Literary Map, Flow Map)

    • Solution: The turning point in a storyline or plot. It is the part in which a decision or important discovery is made or an important event happens that will solve the story’s problem or end the conflict. The solution is also called the resolution or the climax of the plot.

    • Symbolism: Something that on the surface is its literal self, but which also has another meaning or even several meanings.

    • Theme: The theme is the main point of the story, the idea the author wants to get across to the reader.

    • Tone: The style or manner of expression in speech or writing. Tone is the author’s attitude toward the work, events, characters, or the reader/audience (formal, informal, serious, humorous, amused, angry, playful, gloomy, sad, and cheerful).

Literature Circles: Small temporary groups of students reading a book independently. While reading, they make notes and meet regularly to discuss the book. Each member of the group takes specific responsibilities in the upcoming discussion. When a book is finished, the circle members plan a way to share the highlights of their reading with a wider community. Once readers can successfully conduct their own wide-ranging, self-sustaining discussions, formal discussion roles may be dropped.

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