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Language Arts Curriculum Guide - page 41 / 70





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Modeled Writing: This has also been called “Writing Aloud.” It is a powerful technique to demonstrate various aspects of writing. Writing on large chart paper, the overhead projector, or the chalkboard, the teacher verbalizes his/her thought processes as well as the actual writing, and the students relate the spoken word to the written word. For older students, modeled writing offers students a framework of what a good topic sentence, concluding sentence, a paragraph, essay, report, etc, may look like.

Poem/Poetry: A compact piece of writing that contains one or more poetic elements. (rhyme, metaphors, similes, personification, imagery, alliteration, onomatopoeia, repetition) Some types of poetry elementary students write are:

  • Haiku – A traditional Japanese from of poetry consisting of three lines with 5-7-5 syllables per line.

  • Limerick – A traditional humorous form consisting of five lines. Lines one, two, and five are long and rhyme; lines three and four are short and rhyme.

  • Cinquain: Syllabic verse form. Gradually increasing in number of syllables in each line until the last line, which returns to two syllables.

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      Line 1 = 2 syllables - one word giving the title (noun)

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        Line 2 = 4 syllables – two words that describe the title (adjectives)

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        Line 3 = 6 syllables – three words that express action (verbs)

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        Line 4 = 8 syllables – four words that express feeling

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        Line 5 = 2 syllables – one word that gives a different name for the title (synonym)

  • Diamonte:

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        Line 1 = 1 word (subject)

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        Line 2 = 2 adjectives describing the subject

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        Line 3 = 3 words ending in “ing” telling about the subject

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        Line 4 = 4 words, the first two describe the subject, the last two describe the opposite

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        Line 5 = 3 words ending in “ing” telling about the opposite

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        Line 6 = 2 adjectives describing the opposite

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        Line 7 = 1 word that is opposite

Sentence Frames: Sentences that have missing words. Students can fill in words, nouns, verbs, subject, predicate, phrases etc. to complete the sentence or story. The teacher can give students a sentence frame similar to the format of a familiar story, and the students can finish the frames and create a new story. Examples:

Let me tell you how ______ and It's fun to ________. First you... Let me tell you about... Have you ever wondered about... I like to _______ for many reasons. I know how to_______. First ... I just learned facts about... Let me tell you how ______ and ________ are alike. ______ are different.

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