Six + One Traits of Writing (see scoring guide):
Ideas (details, development, focus)
Organization (internal structure)
Voice (tone, style, purpose, and audience)
Word Choice (precise language and phrasing)
Sentence Fluency (correctness, rhythm, and cadence)
Conventions (mechanical correctness)
Presentation (handwriting, formatting, layout)
Shared Writing: Shared writing is a collaborative writing experience between the teacher and the students. The students are encouraged to share ideas about a related experience or subject. The teacher supports the writing process as a scribe who records the ideas as the children watch. The children analyze and discuss various components of the text with teacher support.
Thinking Maps: Thinking Maps are eight visual-verbal tools, each based on a fundamental thinking process and used together as a set of tools for showing relationships.
Word Bank: A list of words according to a theme or content areas such as math, science, or social studies. This list is for the purpose of vocabulary development and writing.
Word Play: Games and activities used to develop vocabulary and word knowledge. These can be used in independent center activities and/or used as lessons and activities to develop vocabulary. Examples:
Alliteration – several words or a sentence that begin with the same letter or sound
Hink pink - One syllable rhyming words that answer a question (What is a chubby feline? – a fat cat)
Hinky Pinky - Two syllable words that answer a question (What would you call a tiny bird from New Zealand? – A peewee kiwi) A hinkety pinkety would be three syllable rhyming words that answer a question (What would you call a yellow fruit’s bright, large handkerchief? A banana bandana)
Hyperbole – a figure of speech that is an extreme exaggeration of the truth
Idioms – A saying whose meaning is different from the usual meanings of the individual words. To talk a blue streak is an idiom that means to talk a lot and often quickly.
Memory Games – Example: Concentration and various other vocabulary games
Onomatopoeia – words that imitate or suggest the sounds they describe (meow, crash crack, slurp, twirl, screech)
Personification – a figure of speech that gives a human quality to something nonhuman
Portmanteaus – Common words combined to form a new word (breakfast + lunch = brunch)
Proverbs – A saying that offers advice or offers an observation about life. Beauty is in the eyes of the beholder is a proverb.