Word Wall: A word wall is a systematically organized collection of words displayed in large letters on a wall or other large display place in the classroom. The purpose of the word wall is to help children learn to spell high frequency words. The main word wall is large---8 feet wide and 6 feet tall. The words build on the wall by 5 new words each week throughout the school year. Words on the wall are written about 2 inches tall with a black marker on colored construction paper. They are cut out around the shape of the letters. The wall needs to be reachable for the students. They should be able to walk right up to the word wall, and they should be able to touch each word with a pointer. The key to a successful word wall is the word, "interactive." Students need to actively interact with the word wall. Interaction includes cheers and chants for the new words of the week, activities that expand the students' understanding of how words work and the use of the word wall during writing as a primary resource for spelling.
Prewriting – Brainstorming, considering audience and purpose
Drafting – Developing and getting the ideas down
Sharing/Responding – Sharing the draft and getting feedback from peers and teacher
Revising for content (Revision) Revision is “seeing it again”. It is not part of the editing process. It includes revising the contents of the paper for the traits of ideas, organization, voice, word choice, and sentence fluency
Editing for conventions – Editing is proofreading for the conventions of English. It is attending to the grammar and mechanics (spelling, usage, punctuation, capitalization, paragraphing, sentence structure, and handwriting/typing) of writing. The goal is for writers to present a polished piece that is expressed clearly to the reader.
Publishing – A finished piece that has been taken through the writing processes of editing and revision and is ready for displaying or presenting.
Writing Conferences: A writer shares his/her writing with an audience to “see” his/her writing through the eyes or ears of a reader or listener.
Sharing with the whole class (Author’s Chair/Share)
Sharing with a Writer’s Circle where each member of the group takes a turn sharing the piece with others
Writing Workshop: An instructional block of time which allows students to manage their writing in stages (the writing process). Writers spend several days developing a single piece of writing for an authentic purpose and audience. The strategies of modeled writing, guided writing, interactive writing, collaborative writing, author’s chair, writing conferences, and mini lessons are practiced during this block of time.