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Language Arts Curriculum Guide - page 8 / 70





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The English language uses 26 alphabetic letters in more than 100 combinations to represent between 44 to 45 speech sounds. Phonics helps new as well as experienced readers make connections between letter patterns and the speech sounds for which they stand. It begins with an awareness and recognition of letters and sounds, then builds connections between them, starting with the most frequent and distinct correspondences.

Phonemic Awareness- Vowels

Upon hearing two similar words with different vowel sounds, tell whether the vowel (medial) is the same or different. Examples: mane- cane; pin-pen

Phonemic Blending

Upon hearing separate phonemes, blend them and say the complete word. Example: /t/ /o/ /m/ - Tom

Syllable Segmentation

Recognize and separate syllables within words. Examples: Bill-y, Ton-ya, a-bout, talk-ing

Syllable Blending

Can listen to simple polysyllabic words spoken in separate syllables and can say the complete blended word. Example: let-ter - letter

Phonemic Awareness- Consonants

Upon hearing two similar words with different initial consonants, tell whether the initial sounds are the same or different. Examples: mat- sat; big-beg Upon hearing two similar words with different final consonants, tell whether the final sounds are the same or different. Examples: sat-sad; met-mat

Letter Knowledge

Recognize, name, and distinguish upper- and lower-case letters.

Phonemic Segmentation

Upon hearing a complete word, separate and pronounce the individual sounds. Example:cat - /c/ /a/ /t/


Recognize and produce rhyming pairs. Examples: tan/pan; big/pig; get/set; sap/tap

Upon hearing a series of onset consonants and a phonogram, blend them to produce rhyming words. Examples: /k/ /ab/ = cab; /d/ /ab/ -= dab; /g/ /ab/ = gab; /j/ /ab/l = jab

Upon hearing a series of rhymes, break the .rhyme into onset and rime. Examples: set - / s / / et / ; bet - /b/ /et/; let - /l/ /et/

Word Segmentation

Recognize individual words within a sentence. Example: "I went to the

store." (5 words)

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