The English language uses 26 alphabetic letters in more than 100 combinations to represent between 44 to 45 speech sounds. Phonics helps new as well as experienced readers make connections between letter patterns and the speech sounds for which they stand. It begins with an awareness and recognition of letters and sounds, then builds connections between them, starting with the most frequent and distinct correspondences.
Phonemic Awareness- Vowels
Upon hearing two similar words with different vowel sounds, tell whether the vowel (medial) is the same or different. Examples: mane- cane; pin-pen
Upon hearing separate phonemes, blend them and say the complete word. Example: /t/ /o/ /m/ - Tom
Recognize and separate syllables within words. Examples: Bill-y, Ton-ya, a-bout, talk-ing
Can listen to simple polysyllabic words spoken in separate syllables and can say the complete blended word. Example: let-ter - letter
Phonemic Awareness- Consonants
Upon hearing two similar words with different initial consonants, tell whether the initial sounds are the same or different. Examples: mat- sat; big-beg Upon hearing two similar words with different final consonants, tell whether the final sounds are the same or different. Examples: sat-sad; met-mat
Recognize, name, and distinguish upper- and lower-case letters.
Upon hearing a complete word, separate and pronounce the individual sounds. Example:cat - /c/ /a/ /t/
Recognize and produce rhyming pairs. Examples: tan/pan; big/pig; get/set; sap/tap
Upon hearing a series of onset consonants and a phonogram, blend them to produce rhyming words. Examples: /k/ /ab/ = cab; /d/ /ab/ -= dab; /g/ /ab/ = gab; /j/ /ab/l = jab
Upon hearing a series of rhymes, break the .rhyme into onset and rime. Examples: set - / s / / et / ; bet - /b/ /et/; let - /l/ /et/
Recognize individual words within a sentence. Example: "I went to the
store." (5 words)