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Over the past two decades, gross labour emigration rose at an annual rate of 6 per

cent for the Asian region as a whole. This would make the growth of labour migration over two times faster on average than the growth of the labour force of

the origin countries1.

While labor migration has demonstrated numerous benefits—such as the economic development of sending and receiving states—it also carries hefty costs to those who cross borders for employment. Migrant workers are vulnerable to economic shocks, exploitation and human rights abuses, to name a few. In response to these dynamics, a variety of state and private sector institutions have emerged, forming migration

infrastructures (or systems) that facilitate the movement and welfare transnational workers. Examples include government regulatory recruitment agencies, and state supported mechanisms for redress, etc.

protection of departments,

Different policies within sending and receiving countries conflict making it difficult for all parties involved to enjoy the full benefits of international labor. To effectively address this transnational issue, multi-state collaboration is necessary to develop transnational solutions. As the primary United Nations’ (UN) specialized agency for the protection of the labor rights of migrant workers, the International Labour Organization (ILO) is in a prime position to facilitate these efforts. In this spirit, the ILO has commissioned this policy analysis exercise (PAE) to examine:

¾ How designated case study governments are managing the temporary migration

and employment contracts of low-skilled workers; and ¾ How labor migration infrastructures influence the protection of overseas

workers from pre-departure to employment abroad.

Answering these questions should provide insight into whether higher migration infrastructures—in the sending and receiving state—lead to better protection of overseas workers.

1 “Realizing Decent Work in Asia: Report to Director-General.” Fourteenth Asian Regional Meeting (ILO). Republic of Korea: August-September 2006.

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