To understand the impact of migration infrastructures on the protection of migrant workers, this policy analysis exercise (PAE6) focused on the experiences of foreign domestic helpers from two case sending countries with different grades of labor migration infrastructures–the Philippines and Indonesia–working in a neutral destination country, Hong Kong. Hong Kong was selected as the migrant receiving state at the recommendation of our client and given its strong labor laws and accessible state migration infrastructures. As the largest, most active migrant populations in Hong Kong, the Philippines and Indonesia serve as the contrasting sending state systems.
The methodology employed includes a review of international and national migrant labor laws as well as dominant literature and media reports. The main tool for analysis involved the creation of the Policy Analysis Exercise-Foreign Domestic Helper Survey (subsequently referred to as PAE-FDH Survey) which was administered to 162 Filipino and Indonesian domestic workers over an 18-day field visit in Hong Kong. During this time, informational interviews with government officials and various representatives from local civil society organizations (CSOs) dedicated to the migrant cause were carried out.
3.1 Survey questionnaire
The survey questionnaire was developed to capture the level of engagement between the transnational worker (in this case, Filipino and Indonesian FDHs) and specified
migration infrastructures, from pre-departure to employment overseas.
administration of the PAE-FDH Survey, researchers were primarily concerned with sample size and quality of surveys completed. FDH interviews were attained with the assistance of several migrant CSOs in Hong Kong. For quality control, whenever possible the PAE-FDH survey was administered on a one-on-one basis by researchers. A Bahasa version of the survey was made available to Indonesian FDHs uncomfortable
migrant experiences captured, the frequented public spaces as well as
was administered in group settings at throughout Hong Kong. Group surveys
6 This PAE was a four month project carried out for academic credit and under the supervision of faculty as part of the Master in Public Policy Program at the John F. Kennedy School of Government at Harvard University.