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14 Emilyzen Ignacio and esenia Mejia

Overview of the Hong Kong Government Migration Infrastructure ¾ Immigration Department:

  • Processes documents, including work permits and ID cards

  • Liaises with Labor Department and home country consulates

on all matters concerning FDHs

¾ Labour Department:

  • Employment Ordinance

  • Standard Employment Contract

  • Accredits and audits agencies

  • Tribunals and conciliation services

  • Awareness and outreach campaigns

¾ Police Department:

  • Responds to reports of abuse(s)

  • Serves as witness for contract termination

Source: Ignacio & Mejia, 2008

4.2.2 Migrant sending country policy: The Philippines

The labor migration of Filipino nationals is heavily regulated by the Philippine government through three major institutions. The first institution is the Philippine Overseas Employment Administration (POEA), which regulates the overseas recruitment and employment industry. The second institution is the Overseas Workers Welfare Administration (OWWA), the lead agency that seeks to promote the well- being and welfare of member migrants and their families.15 Finally, there are labor attaches sanctioned at embassies, consulates, and satellite Philippine Overseas Labor Offices (POLOs) abroad to provide assistance to migrants in host countries. Additional government agencies may directly or indirectly contribute to the migration process for Filipinos (refer to diagram on next page). To fund these agencies and services, the Philippine government charges fees to migrants, their employers, and recruitment agencies, as well as develops partnerships with the private sector and NGOs. 16

Most of the services provided by POEA are also provided by the Philippine labor attaché in the host country. For example, the POLO of Hong Kong (housed in the

15 Overseas Workers Welfare Administration. “About Us.” http://www.owwa.gov.ph/page/about_us/2007. Accessed February 2008.

16 Manolo Abella, et al. “Conference Note: Best Practices to Manage Migration: The Philippines.International Migration Review. Vol. 38 (4). Winter 2004. pg. 1545.

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