16 Emilyzen Ignacio and esenia Mejia
workers. recently Overseas
The Ministry of Manpower and Transmigration in partnership with the established National Board for Placement and Protection of Indonesian Workers (BNP2TKI) have recognized the welfare of migrant workers as a
major concern, setting training, fee limitations).
standards Still, the
of employment (including insurance, mandatory government continues to struggle to enforce these –
especially in the overseas recruitment and placement
domestic helper market. This is partly because the of Indonesian domestic workers is controlled by private
recruitment agencies (PJTKI) and loosely regulated by Jakarta (refer
their local associates in Hong to diagram on next page). 19
Under the Migrant Worker Placement and Protection Law, the Indonesian government is obligated to "provide protection to Indonesian Workers during the course of their employment in foreign countries according to laws and regulations as well as international laws and conventions.”20 Accordingly, the Ministry of Manpower has recently started placing Labor Attachés in some Indonesian embassies abroad. In Hong Kong, the Consulate General of Indonesia provides a range of legal services,
counseling and cultural activities.
Recently, the consulate instituted a “Welcome
Program” –about a 3 hour program at the Consulate - created to welcome new FDH arrivals, inform them of activities at the Consulate and the services available, and to remind them of their connection and civic duty to Indonesia. The government does not provide in-country training (although this is currently under consideration).
19 For a detailed explanation of the policies and programs during the pre-departure stage, please refer to Annex II.